- Deep semi-transparent brown pigment.
- Natural inorganic brown earth containing iron and manganese oxides, as well as lignites.
- Also known as Cassel Brown, Cassel Umber, Cologne Brown, Cologne Earth, Cologne Umber, Rubens Brown, Van Dyke Brown.
- Rubens and Anthony Van Dyke suuposedly used this pigment in their paintings.
- Colour index PBr7.
NB: Pigments may settle during shipment.
NB: Due to monitor/screen differences, actual colors may vary slightly from what appears online.